The United Kingdom—England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland—held a snap parliamentary election on Thursday, December 12, 2019, to resolve an impasse created by disagreement over how to handle the country's exit from the European Union, which was decided by an election three years earlier.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson's ruling Conservative Party lost its working majoriy in the fall of 2019 after a string of Brexit-related defeats and nearly two-dozen Conservative members of parliament being kicked out of the party for rebelling against the party line.

Public opinon polling in the weeks leading up to the general election showed the Conservative Party maintaining a steady lead over the opposition Labour Party, with the Scottish National Party (SNP) and Liberal Democrats coming in a distant third and fourth place. The Conservative Party wound up winning 365 seats, giving the Tories a comfortable 39-seat majority in Westminster that likely grants Johnson the ability to handle Brexit according to his wishes. The Labour Party, reeling from a series of scandals, negative coverage, and party leader Jeremy Corbyn's unpopularity, won just 203 seats, its worst electoral defeat since the general election of 1935. The SNP won an overwhelming majority of seats in Scotland—which heavily voted to remain in the E.U.—potentially setting up a standoff between the Scottish Government and U.K. Government over another independence referendum after Brexit takes place.



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